Why taking antibiotics over-the-counter is very dangerous

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Why taking antibiotics over-the-counter is very dangerous

When you become ill and feel that you need antibiotic, do you need to take immediate care or call your doctor?

Or can you use your drug cabinet to get rid of the remaining medicines or to get your favorite online pharmacy?

If the latter, you are not alone.

Many Americans keep their spare parts, saving them in rainy days, or they have to ask online to avoid expensive visits from the doctor.

But taking over-the-counter antibiotics is dangerous.

It is not dangerous for people taking drugs, but it also encourages the development of antibiotic-resistant worms.

Due to the reasons people save some antibiotics or take other non-prescription medicines, they are the subject of a new analysis published in the Anals of Internal Medicinal Strength Source.

In the figures

If you go to a clinic or doctor, then it is unlikely that you will use non-prescribed antibiotics.

According to researchers at the Boiler College of Medicine, only 1 percent of the people studying in the final analysis do this.

At the same time, other studies have found that the population of people who store Antibiotics for future use is 14 to 48 percent.

Researchers wrote in a press release, “The use of over-the-counter antibiotics in the United States is a comprehensive public health problem.” “A decreasing understanding of risk factors and interventious routes is essential in order to reduce this unprotected practice.”

Over rent

The most common risk of using non-prescribed antibiotics is to accelerate the emergence of antibiotic-resistant “germs” that can limit the ability of treating mild infections.

An Emergency Medical Doctor of the New York-Presbyterian Center / Weil Cornell Medical Center Dr. Alexis Helper told the Health Line, “Antibiotics should not be present in the first place.”

Any prescribed antibiotics should be taken fully. Otherwise, the bacteria that are treated can develop their resistance. ”

“Think of it as something to kill with poison and you think it’s dead, but it’s not over yet.” “Now that he is in contact with this poison, or antibiotics, he can be strong and can not be killed next time because of him.

The cost of that resistance is high

“In 2013, the American Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated that there are 2 million infections due to microbial pathogens in the United States, resulting in 23,000 deaths,” family doctor of Caremount Medical Dr. Ayo warts said in New York.

But there are individual costs too

For example, without a prescription, you might not be convinced that you are taking appropriate antibiotics for a particular infection.

You can also take antibiotics if there is no infection or virus. They can not be treated with antibiotics.

“Antibiotics can create a wide range of side effects,” said Christopher Hanifin, assistant physician and assistant professor at Setan Hall University in New Jersey.

“They can also include severe allergic reactions and even other diseases, because antibiotics can kill beneficial bacteria in the body,” he told the Hallin newspaper.

“When you receive a prescription from a provider, they will discuss this possibility with you, and you will have a phone if you have questions.” If you are taking left antibiotics, you can be alone.

Passive antibiotic

Even if you store antibiotics for future use, then it can not work anyway.

“Stocks of unused antibiotics in the area can lose their strength very quickly,” said Hanifin.

“This is especially true for many of the liquid antibiotics given to children, which must be refrigerated and used immediately,” even antibiotic pills can very quickly degrade people Often in hot, moist baths the medicines are stored in the cabinet.

The problem of antibiotics is the same in the internet or gray market. Without organization and control, you can not be sure that what you are eating contains components which you say are included in them.

“In the gray market, antibiotics are often eliminated, are less effective, are unorganized, use non-standard doses, or are not manufactured for human use – they increase the resistance of all antibiotics, “Dr. Jedi Jepkin, Associate Medical Director of Goelth Arjent said.

Recognized care and doctor from the Department of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics

“The right medication requires correct medication.” When a patient predicts that antibiotics will help them, then it is more likely that they will not get the right treatment.

Local problem

If taking non-prescribed antibiotics is ineffective and dangerous, then why do people do so?

Experts say that there is a possibility of a combination of factors in the United States, which includes self-diagnosis, access to care and the rising cost of health care.

Here you should not go out because of meat-eating bacteria

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Here you should not go out because of meat-eating bacteria

Millions of people will be on the beach this summer to enjoy some time on the coast.

However, there are fears of meat eating bacteria in water.

The title after the main title has been described as people who are infected with bacteria described in graphical terms as “meat eaters”.

For those who like hot water, this concern may increase for the local lake or sea shore. But experts say that this is not the case for most people.

What is the infection

Many types of Vibrio bacteria can cause thousands of infections every year in the United States.

But one of the more than ten species of Vibrio bacteria is Vibrio Vulncis, the title of this summer. According to a reliable source of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), they were found in coastal waters.

Hot water temperature during hot months – Bacterial concentration of more than 68 degrees Fahrenheit is high – Growth allows for growth.

Generally, people get bacteria by eating fresh and uncooked oysters, especially oyster Other people face bacteria through open wounds while swimming in infected water.

In rare cases, Vibrio infection can cause necrosis of necrosis. It is a soft tissue infection that develops rapidly in muscles and organs for tissue destruction. However, if the disease is detected early, the infection can be treated immediately with antibiotics.

Although you can see Vibrio in all coastal waters of the United States, it is usually found in the southeastern regions of the United States and hot water in the Gulf of Mexico.

While bacteria throughout the United States are in the limelight, CDC estimates that venous myocardial infarction causes about 205 infections every year in the United States.

An infectious disease specialist at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Dr. William Shaffner said, “People are worried that this is a very exciting infection, it affects people of all ages – you can be healthy and infected.”

How to get it

If eaten, then usually raw or uncooked oyster, diarrhea, spasms, fever, chills and vomiting symptoms occur within 24 hours. Symptoms usually last only 3 days.

If Vibrio Vulcanis is in contact with open wounds, then it can cause a red rash on the skin which changes color. There is also injury and swelling, and can be painful to touch.

However, anyone who is susceptible to gastroenteritis, people with the following conditions are particularly vulnerable:

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine at the University of Alabama at Birmingham those who are at risk for immunity, are particularly vulnerable.”

Hot water temperature means more bacteria

In a recent study in the journal Trusted Source, researchers found that between 2008 and 2016, only one case of Villario Vulcanis was reported in the Delaware Bay Hospital, where there is often colder than water, ideal for bacteria.

However, the authors found that after further investigation, there were at least five cases in the same area of ​​Delaware Bay between 2017 and 2018.

In all five cases, the patients were men between 38 and 64 years of age who were admitted to hospital with necrotic fascia after contact with marine life through work and consumption.

All the men included in this are pre-existing conditions. Two of them had hepatitis, previous cancer infections, and others had diabetes – all of this made you more sensitive to Vibrio vulncus infection.

While risk factors increase the likelihood of your susceptibility, the authors have partly attributed the increase in cases in Delaware Bay to climate change.

When you go to the emergency department

If you or someone you know has recently been exposed to oyster who is not well cooked and started experiencing rash on nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and skin, then you should seek immediate medical attention.

Although early symptoms of Vibrio vulnificus can be treated with oral antibiotics and antifungal drugs, in the most severe cases hospital admissions, antibiotics IV may be required, and if the lesions are present, then surgical evaluation.

“Any wound should be cleaned with soap and water gently,” said Green. “Signs of infection include redness (spreading from the side of the wound), severe pain in the wound, swelling visible in nearby tissue, or fever / cold”, which should be encouraged to travel to the local emergency department .

Those who may need more intensive treatment, they are with deteriorating symptoms.

Vibriosis is a hard-to-know position. It is under the skin.

Doctors warn that the use of daily aspirin can be dangerous

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Doctors warn that the use of daily aspirin can be dangerous

For many years, health care providers have recommended daily use of aspirin to help prevent heart attacks and strokes in those who have a higher risk of heart disease.

Then, in 2018, three studies highlighted the fact that aspirin does not always benefit our health and may be associated with the increased risk of severe bleeding.

However, despite these results, the idea that aspirin can help in cardiovascular health, especially for older people, remains.

Now, a new study by the Beth Israel Center for the Medical Discipline found that millions of American adults still carry aspirin every day, even if the doctor recommends it or not.

These conclusions are in line with the current guidelines of the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology, which clearly show that adults over the age of 70 years have had a heart attack and those who are at greater risk of bleeding, Aspirin should not be taken.

Studied content was published this week in the Anal of Internal Medicine.

While aspirin can benefit people who have a heart attack or stroke, it is important that everyone should consult your doctor whether they should take aspirin or not.

Interventional cardiologist Dr. Loma Linda University’s International Heart Institute Aditya Pradogag said, “Medical decisions on the treatment of aspirin should be taken into account for many factors, such as the age of patients and their history of cardiovascular disease and the risk of bleeding and other blood diligence.”

There is a discussion with your doctor on the whole point whether you will benefit from aspirin therapy.

Millions of people take aspirin without doctor’s knowledge

To understand the prevalence of aspirin use, researchers looked at the health data of 14328 adults from the National Health Survey of 2017.

The team evaluated the responses of participants in three questions:

If your doctor or health professional recommends low dose of aspirin to manage heart disease

If they follow this advice now.

If they are taking low doses of aspirin on their own to prevent or control heart disease.

The study found that approximately 23 percent or 29 million people reported taking aspirin daily to prevent cardiovascular disease.

Of these, about 23 percent, or 6.6 million, take pills every day without the doctor’s recommendation.

In addition, in the United States about half of adults who are 70 years of age or older and who do not have heart disease, are advised to take aspirin daily.

Use of aspirin is broad and risky

Because many people throughout the US are taking aspirin without the doctor’s input, health care practitioners need to ask their patients if they are using aspirin, researchers say.

In addition, they should educate their patients regarding the benefits and risks of using aspirin, especially with the elderly and those who suffer from peptic ulcer disease.

A family doctor at Providence St. John’s Health Center, Dr. David Cutler said, “Aspirin is simple and simple as a tablet, its actions in the human body are complex, and their effects can be of great benefit and benefit.”

Although aspirin can stop clotting and thus prevent stroke and heart attack, it can lead to severe bleeding and other side effects, Quotter said.

Apart from gastrointestinal bleeding, daily aspirin treatment can increase the risk of stroke. It can also cause serious allergic reactions in some people.

This is particularly worrying for those who are 70 or older, health experts say.

“In older patients, there is a greater risk of bleeding and peptic ulcer, and if the patient consumes other blood transfusers (such as warfarin, clopidogrel), NSAIDs such as cibproofen or other drugs for naproxen or steroids, then these side effects Danger increases significantly.

Aspirin can be beneficial for some people

After all, some people may benefit from taking aspirin as per health experts.

For example, if you have a stroke or a heart attack, the doctor still recommends taking aspirin.

In addition, people with high blood pressure, diabetes, high blood cholesterol or coronary stent may benefit as well as aspirin, because Dr. According to Robert Greenfield, Lipid Doctor, Lipid Doctor and Director of Extended Radiology, benefits can be risks. Cardiac Rehabilitation in Cardiovascular Heart and Vocational Institution

However, it is important to check with the cardiologist to ensure that aspirin is safe.

Greenfield says medical care should be personal and personal.

“However, there are guidelines for the use of many factors, including aspirin, we should always remember that clinical decision is still necessary,” Greenfield said.

Stem cell treatment can treat baldness one day, but we are not yet

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Stem cell treatment can treat baldness one day, but we are not yet

From the discovery of the treatment of diseases like hepatitis C for the prevention of massive infections through the vaccine, modern medicine is full of miracles.

One area that researchers are likely to benefit from is the stem cell – cells that have the ability to form different types of cells in the body to repair damaged tissue, and act as mechanical parts.

To treat diseases dependent on blood, cancer and immune disorders, they are researched from the re-creation of knees and for many applications.

But another application detected by researchers is: hair fall.

The initial stage research shows some hope of using stem cells for hair growth, even when genetic problems make it almost impossible.

However, if you see the report that recent successes mean that stem cell treatment can be a treatment for hair loss which science wants, then you may need to adjust your expectations.

The reality is that such treatments are probably years away – if you use them at the end. In fact, humans can not work.

Positive results have only been shown in rats and have not yet been tested with harsh scientific norms.

Use stem cells to treat hair loss

At the last annual meeting of the International Society for Stem Cell Research in June, Alady Tarchich, PhD, presented his findings with a new research that, due to genetic defense, hair appears to grow in rats without hair.

Tarsich, co-authored by Sanford Burnham Development, Aging and Renewal program in La Jolla, California, said that he was able to grow hair on the rats using human stimulated stem cells (IPS), or genetically programmed cells, Work like them. human.

Tarsikh’s research focused on the pupil cells, or the hair follicles that control hair growth, thickness and height.

By mixing different skin cells and hair from rats and humans, Tarchich and his team made use of the same materials used in soluble stitches to make a “loft” to control the direction in which to increase the skin. The result was child development in rats that were programmed to be genetically bald.

Tearschich said in a press release, “This is a major breakthrough in cell-based hair loss treatment and the development of regenerative medicine sector.”

Terskikh did his research and co-founded Stemson Therapeutics, a new company that planned to license technology for business applications.

But Chief Executive and Chairman of Avalon Globacare Dr. David Jane says that Tercekh research is not a big achievement.

Japanese scientist Shianya Yamanaka won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2012 for the search of the ICCS. Search Terskikh makes it.

“While this may be a major achievement in relation to their initial research, it is still a long way to go,” said Jane Two Healthline. “There is a long journey between the discovery of an animal model to be able to apply research on humans.”

Expert in hair loss and stem cell transplantation at Stanford University Anthony Oro said that many cells induced are a “promising source” for genetic disorders, accidents, injuries or replacement of potentially damaged cells from old age. One of these applications is hair loss.

Ouro et al Already use stem cells – which include IPSC – to make skin graft for genetic skin diseases such as epidermal epidermal dislocation (a condition where the skin is sensitive and susceptible to inflammation), but the lesions are okay Can also be used to help to repair and repair tissues.

“Because the skin is accessible, it represents an attractive area for testing new types of treatments, and the generation of new hair will work as exciting progress,” ouro to healthline said.

Regarding the work done by Terskikh and Stemson Therapeutics, Oro says that he can not make an accurate comment on it because it was reviewed by other people and not repeated, which are two major obstacles to science.

Although someday the discovery of torque can be a new hair replacement technique for nearly 80 million people in the United States suffering from some type of hair loss, but this day is still to come.

Other ongoing research is also trying to find ways to help restore hair loss in people, both of which are associated with aging, are due to a defect in normal baldness or immune system, such as alopecia.

For example, researchers at Columbia University recently reported the results of two studies of waking up with inactive hair cells in rats and developing hair in a dish, which may be useful for future hair transplant surgery.

But, again, these results have not been tested on humans.

However, with the development of research and technology, on the day of spray powder like hair, which is sold in late advertisements, or painful treatment for hair stops,

How tech companies be worried about DoJ’s antitrust review

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How tech companies be worried about DoJ's antitrust review

But the investigation has been confirmed in a little detail, explaining only that the review “will take into account the widespread worries expressed by consumers, businesses and entrepreneurs about research, social networking and some online retail services.”

Who can talk about it? What are the concerns that people can express? Reading between lines is not difficult: they should be seen in the coming months.

Alphabet

Google’s parent company dominates many areas: online advertising, known by its name and Facebook as “binary monopoly” and searches the Internet and YouTube.

It has too much market power in cartography (Google Maps), webmail services (Gmail) and mobile operating system (Android).

Google has a strong defense of the search: Contrary to the discussion on many other companies, “the competition is just a click,” as the Google Larry Page founder had in 2012 when the company was concerned about the antitrust.

Changing the operating system is a daunting task. Switching to social networks is almost impossible. But to prevent you from becoming a Google researcher, you have to type ddg.gg in your address bar, and your work will be completed.

Jim Kellock, chairman of the Open Rights Group, believes that the advertising market will eventually be a tough fight, which Google will win.

“These companies make profits from advertising revenue, which is a big problem, because money is not needed for those who produce the content.

“Obviously this is the result of market dominance: Google, Facebook and IAB Partners are all eating this revenue, this is a kind of harassment for those who have general knowledge.”

Veerangna

Amazon is clearly a provider of “retail services” investigated by the Ministry of Justice. US Treasury Secretary Steve Menucin said on Wednesday that Amazon had “destroyed” American retail industry and its success was “limited competition”.

Amazon says that its market power is far from absolute: it consume almost half of all the dollars spent on the Internet, and only 5% of US retail Walmart’s revenues were twice the Amazon in 2018.

The strategies that criticized Amazon, from internal brands until payment promotion, are ideal in the retail sector.

But the question is where the line is drawn.

For example, Amazon’s dominance of e-book industry is almost complete; Its strength in retail printing is not very far, then Amazon is web services, which are still known hard outside the IT industry, which provide a technical infrastructure for a large portion of the web. Compete with Google and Microsoft

Apple

The United States is the strongest market for Apple. But even there, it is difficult to say that it monopolizes its main product: the mobile phone operating system is placed second, the desktop operating system is ranked second, the music broadcasting service is second place.

It leads the market in smart watches and tablets, but the success of the iPad and Apple Watch is only proportional to the failures of their rivals.

Instead, the question in front of the Justice Department is whether the power of Apple is being built within those markets. For example, the company can be only half a part of the smartphone market, but it’s definitely 100% market for the iOS App Store.

When there is a price of $ 300 million per day in the market, Apple proudly notes that the company still has very much power – as Sputwe complained, loudly, from the European Commission

Facebook

Facebook has a monopoly, which is great: Thanks to Facebook, Messenger, Instagram and Whatsapp, the company has the largest social network in the United States.

Mark Zuckerberg argued that there was still competition in the wider sector where the company was running, telling American lawmakers last year that “American citizens … uses eight different social networking applications and applications.”

But if half of these apps have been created by Facebook, and the other half include email, text messaging and commercial communication services, it is difficult to take it as a reason to easily go into the company.

For Zuckerberg, Facebook has the most compelling reason for working: Their two biggest acquisitions, Instagram and What’sapp, are still relatively different, and their solutions will be technically out of reach.

Ben Thompson, a technical analyst, says that the acquisition of Instagram is “the biggest regulatory failure of the last decade,” partially due to the loss of the ability to compete on the same level of snapchat

the rest

Kellock argues that if the majority of the companies leave their inquiries, then the justice ministry will be small.

In the entire technology sector, he says: “You have a series of small monopolistic practices.” In the video stream from Netflix, Uber has auto sharing and enterprise presentation.