Last month, the Indian government established the first ministry of fisheries. Although they are active in hunt together, oddly, with the upliftment of dairy and dairy products, this step caters to a long demand from the fishing community in the country and to better manage and manage the fisheries.
To become India’s most recent and most important effort.
For decades, fishing has shifted from small-scale artisans to the growing industrial area. The extensive adoption of motorized boats helped in fishing in India from about 0.53 million metric tonnes in 1950 to 3.83 million metric tonnes in 2017.
Until recently, this increase was largely irregular, resulting in the ability of fishing, inter-state conflict and some species.
But in the last decade, with the slowdown in yield, with unexpected decline in catch, coastal states in India have started taking measures to make fishing more sustainable. Some are also making pressure for a better national organization.
In recent years, some states have introduced rules for banning national fishing during the monsoon season – a pre-determined policy to protect the fish as well as to improve the safety of fishermen.
Some new state regulations also regulate the equipment to reduce indiscriminate fishing.
These controls include clear restrictions on the pattern of trap network as well as practices like trolling, where the vast mesh sweeps everything from the seabed.
Southern States can also establish rules on the minimum legal size of the fish to limit the prey, before they can reproduce and rejuvenate.
Sunil Mohammed, chief scientist at Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, a government research institute in Kochi, said, “The government has gradually become tough.”
The government has a good reason to organize this area: it supports 4 million people, including about 1 million active fishermen.
India’s tropical ocean hosts a large variety of fishes – more than 400 species can appear in the trolley – officials estimate that the annual catch may increase to 4.4 million metric tons. The country’s marine exports exceeded $ 7 billion in 2017-2018, which was only $ 5 million in 1971.
Fishing communities seem more manageable. “People have started to see that unbridled development can cause crisis,” said Mohammed.
This is the crisis that has pushed Kerala, the south-eastern coastal region, to lead this set of new fishing rules.
Oil-rich Indian Sardinia Sardinia is one of the main food items in this state and it is the cornerstone of the fishing industry.
These small fish were grown during the new millennium, which were inspired by intensive fishing.
Due to the increasing temperature of the water, the fish has also expanded its range north, which has given more countries than ever before. But after recording records of 390,000 metric tonnes in 2012, sardines declined to 45,000 tonnes in Kerala in 2016.
The scientists who investigated the problem found that the accident was mainly due to environmental factors, including one year in which El Niño was involved, but also by indulgence.
Scientists found that fishermen had crossed the limit of sustainable fisheries between 2010 and 2013 and they were hunting for a growing number of juvenile fish.
The crisis prompted the Kerala government to implement a series of measures, which began in 2015 with the ban on teen sardines.
In the year 2017, the recovery of sardine fishing began, which many observers attributed to these measures.
Mohammed said that the state has re-enacted the other expected recommendations soon. In 2017, new laws were introduced by a system of fishermen’s village and county councils, officers and officials of local fisheries department.
The state has amended legislation on the control of small manufacturers at the factory level and enforced a comprehensive ban on catching incidents for covering up to 58 species of fish, more than 14 species.
In Kerala, due to the rules of fishing, the sardines caused the accident. It has created a depression in the industry of Indian fishermen in the southern states of Karnataka and South Tamil Nadu – where sardines are used in high quality fishermen supplied to the aquaculture industry.
Demand for the expansion of fish plants has helped to increase the survival of sardine. After the fall, the largest fish company companies formed an association and committed to following the minimum legal size standards for buying fish.
This casualty of responsibility did not arise from the emergency. Indian seafood exporters have to meet the requirements of rapidly responsible sources in many international markets.
One-third of the shrimp grown in the United States come from India, for example. Shaukat Shori, president of Indian Fish and Fish Oil Exporters Association said, “With the entry of the traceability criteria, we should ensure sustainable practices.”