With the change of laws and attitudes on cannabis, the growing number of people, including pregnant women, is reportedly using cannabis on an accidental or regular basis.
Thirty-three states and the Columbia District have started using medical cannabis. In addition, the 11 states and the Columbia District made laws to use recreational cannabis (marijuana).
According to a new study published by researchers in California, it has been reported that more women use cannabis during pregnancy.
Increased abuse of cannabis among pregnant women has raised concerns among some health experts who say that medication can affect fetal development.
The authors assessed the use of cannabis among pregnant women in the health care system of Caesars-permitated Northern California.
What found in the study
In this health care system, pregnant women are asked to complete a questionnaire on drug misuse during their first visit to prenatal care.
Researchers found that during pregnancy between 2009 and 2017, the report of misuse of cannabis increased from 1.95 percent to 3.38 percent.
During the same period of time, the rate of misuse of cannabis reported during pre-pregnancy year increased from 6.80 percent to 12.50 percent.
Of the pregnant women surveyed in the year 2017, 0.69% reported the misuse of cannabis on daily basis during pregnancy. Comparatively, 0.92 percent reported the misuse of cannabis on a weekly basis during pregnancy, while 1.77 percent reported on monthly basis or less.
The use of cannabis is more often associated with the origin of the lower age of African origin, and the average family income is low.
Other research has found that some women use cannabis as an alternative to treating pregnancy related symptoms such as morning sickness or other health conditions.
The gynecologist from the Lennox Hill Hospital in New York and the obstetrician Dr. Jennifer Lidan Woo said, “When they are nipple, we use cannabis in chemotherapy patients, so patients feel that this is a good solution for morning sickness.”
“But when you think about morning sickness, it usually happens in the first three months, when the brain and other organ develop, when you do not really want to use cannabis,” she said.
Instead, Wu suggests dealing with morning sickness with other medicines containing more data about safety during pregnancy.
Cannabis abuse can cause risk during pregnancy
Studies indicate that cannabis abuse during pregnancy can cause health risks for pregnant women and embryo development.
A review article published in 2016 found that women who eat cannabis at least once during pregnancy, are more likely to give premature birth and more likely to have low birth weight children.
However, the authors of this review report reported that women who eat cannabis more often, they use more tobacco and other medicines, which can help explain their results.
Some research has linked the misuse of cannabis in pregnancy to long-term neurological effects in children.
For example, during pregnancy, mothers who eat cannabis may be at risk of poor academic performance and behavioral challenges.
According to experts, more research is required to study the short-term and long-term effects of cannabis in pregnancy, including repeated and repeated abuse of cannabis.
Experts recommend not to use cannabis during pregnancy
Due to potential safety risks and unanswered questions about the abuse of cannabis during pregnancy, the American College of Obstetrician and Gynecologist (ACOG) encourages women to avoid cannabis during pregnancy.
In an opinion updated in 2017, the ACOG Committee on Obstetric Practice writes, “Due to worries about weak neurological progress, as well as maternal and fetal women exposed to maternal and fetus for harmful effects of smoking marijuana Should be encouraged to stop using. ”
“Pregnant women or pregnant women should be encouraged to stop the use of marijuana for medical purposes in favor of alternative medicine with better pregnancy safety data,” the committee said.
Previous research has found that when pregnant women report the abuse of cannabis, their doctors do not always tell them about potential health risks.
Some pregnant women can not report abuse of cannabis
Even in countries where cannabis is legal, women may have to face penalties for the use of cannabis during pregnancy under pregnancy safety policies.
Some women are hesitant to report the cannabis abuse due to legal concerns. Experts say that penal laws of pregnant women can cause more harm than drug abuse in the long run.